Citizens Invoking the US Constitution

9 min readDec 30, 2021


Because… We Are Entitled to Free Elections in Our Cities/Counties!

Class Action Lawsuits are being prepared.

Photo by Patrick Perkins on Unsplash

These cities/counties received an Invocation of the US Constitution because they are not following the highest document in the nation to the letter, severely undermining the Constitutional powers of local voters as established with the Ninth, Tenth, and Fourteenth Amendments. We are in the process of sending them a second official letter:


  • Washington, DC, April 8, 2022. Congress was sent pilot request as well
  • Provo, UT, May 15, 2022. See article in the Daily Herald.
  • Keene, NH, June 9, 2022.
  • Reno, NV, June 23, 2022.
  • Pittsburgh, PA, September 21, 2022.

US cities that have some form of Proportional Voting already:

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If you want your city to receive a Constitutional Invocation, read this:

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Why are cities and counties receiving an Invocation of the US Constitution?

Because… we are entitled to free elections in our cities and counties!

With voting in districts, we are not each other’s equals, we are not free in the outcome. The State and local governments segregated voters first, made them equals only after they got separated into districts, and as a result our elections can then not deliver us equal representation.

Democracy is a system of representation. We don’t have the real deal. Our restaurant serves spaghetti and macaroni only. And you have to eat what the majority picked; you cannot get what you ordered if you picked another item.

Democracy is not a system of the majority of voters receiving representation and the minority (up to 49.99% of the voters) receiving nothing they wanted. That is not voter equality. What is fine for a mayoral election is not fine for selecting our councils and boards.

Restrictions put in place for Federal elections are not described in the US Constitution for State or local elections. To the contrary: What is described for State and local elections is that we are a free and empowered people, liberated from unnecessary governmental overreach. Voting at State and local levels is declared a privilege. The Federal level is restricted; the other levels should not be restricted, per the US Constitution.

Our focus is on the easiest route first: cities and counties. It’s also the perfect spot to learn how that completely different voting system functions, devised by Thomas Jefferson.

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  • Pilot requests are sent to States when many cities and counties are sent a Constitutional Invocation in that State. State governments often use pilots to overcome engrained problems. Low voter turnout in local elections in the United States fall below voter turnouts in all other democratic elections… in the entire democratic world. Pilots of three Proportional Elections in a row can show how this far better voting system improves local voter turnout.

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At this point in time, 213 cities and counties are receiving their second official letter. It declares the intention to file a class-action lawsuit if the city or county in question does not take any action to address the Constitutional Invocation. Yet we continue to send out Constitutional Invocations to your city. Just ask.

Don’t see your city? Provide City and State as a reply to this article, and an official Invocation will be sent to your city. Your request will be hidden out of sight as soon as your city received its Constitutional invocation. The Invocation itself does not mention anyone’s name. The invocation is used as a time-stamp.

  • Want to remain updated? Provide email address in a reply (use name-at-provider format. This will also be hidden out of sight after receipt).

When cities don’t comply in a reasonable amount of time, recompense can get demanded by any and all eligible voters in that City. For sure, some will join that bonanza.

Recompense can also be requested from a State when the State does not ensure that local governments comply with the US Constitution — by any and all eligible voters in that State, no matter if their city or county was invoked or not. The date the State received the first City notification is when the clock started ticking for the State and all their Cities. But you can then only request recompense from the State. To request recompense from your City as well, your City must have received an Invocation.

Reply with City and State and the City will receive an Invocation.

At this point, we are not adding cities and counties to the listing, but we will continue to send out your Constitutional Invocation. We are focusing on these 213 cities and counties first for the second outreach.

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Here is how the Invocation works:

Cities all across the United States are or will be receiving a notification by eligible voters — the Invocation. Cities are put on notice, as is the State.

The US Constitution hands out powers to three groups only: the Federal government, the States respectively, and the People.

Note that Cities are not mentioned. That means they do not have a Constitutional cop out like the States — cities must follow the Bill of Rights one hundred percent.

  • An entity not handed powers in the US Constitution must yield to all that are given powers in the US Constitution.

Segregating voters in districts means that the local government is using the separate-but-equal format, and that is not allowed at the local level. As soon as a single eligible voter invokes the US Constitution, the constitutionally not-empowered municipality must adjust its behavior so it is in line with the Bill of Rights.

That is the very simple setup.

If cities do not comply within one election cycle, then eligible voters (even those that never voted) can demand recompense from their local government for infringing their right to fair representation.

While the State elections are not involved, the State does play an important role in the regulation of cities, and as such the State is notified about the Invocation. Today, States claim that cities and counties are their in-house tenants, so to speak, and that the State can declare what the tenants eat for dinner. In reality, the State is the owner of a large apartment complex, and the State cannot declare what kind of food is served for dinner in all these apartments. The State is therefore involved in regulatory overreach.

If the States sit on their hands as well, not declaring to local governments that they must hold elections in line with the Bill of Rights, then recompense can get asked from the States, too.

By anyone in that State.

Proportional Voting does not contain systemic hurdles that influence voters and their right to actual representation. It is a clean system.

Thomas Jefferson was the first to devise it.

The Federal and the State governmental elections themselves are out of reach for the People; an invocation would not have much effect. This is a bit more complex to understand, but also not super complicated.

The Framers had to agree to a separate-but-equal setup for the 13 Colonies, otherwise the Colonies would not have joined the Union and the battle to win independence would have been lost then right away. So, at the Federal level we have a compromise with separate States that are each other’s equals indeed. That is the law — at the Federal level.

Right after the United States got established, the Framers incorporated their enlightened ideals in the Amendments. This is known as the Bill of Rights. In the Bill of Rights, using a separate-but-equal format is made illegal as soon as a better system is available.

So, we have an articulated US Constitution with on the one hand separate-but-equal incorporated (at the Federal level), and on the other hand separate-but-equal not allowed, which is especially clear (and legally confirmed) for the local level.

The Ninth and Tenth Amendment suffice to make our demand stand firm, yet the Fourteenth Amendment clarifies our claim with the use of the word privilege. When voting, it is not a privilege when large groups of voters go home empty-handed. It is not a privilege when females and minorities end up being underrepresented because at-large and district voting are systems that perform at a lower standard. A greater voter turnout is the natural outcome for proportional voting, and as legal benefit there are no options to take a city to court. A pure voting system cannot discriminate.

The reason why it will be hard to invoke the State by eligible voters is that States have a cop out. The voters are not superior to the States, so their standing is much weaker in instructing a State in State elections to abide to the US Constitution. Also, for the States, the Federal government incorporated the separate-but-equal format that involved them, plus they were given the freedom to do more or less as they please.

That the State regulates State elections is therefore within line of State powers. Yet the State regulation how local cities and counties must hold elections is an overreach that is not allowed.

The local level is not mentioned in the US Constitution, so there is no wording that gives States that power. Meanwhile, the powers of eligible voters are mentioned in the Ninth, Tenth, and Fourteenth Amendments that declare that governments cannot use inferior systems when better systems are available. This has been established solidly with other cases. The local level cannot use a separate-but-equal format.

That means that voting in districts is illegal for the local level and already a single person can demand that third-level governments follow the US Constitution. The municipalities and counties cannot divide voters in segregated districts and subsequently declare voters each other’s equals.

A City is not a State, and no State received Constitutional powers to hand Constitutional powers to third parties within.

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Once a City has received the Invocation, the clock is ticking. Where prior they could have had the excuse that they did not know, from now on we know that they know. If they don’t look into this matter, or only look into this matter half-heartedly, then you as the eligible voter can demand recompense from these local governments because you are their superior in this matter.

You, or anyone else in your City or in your State can join in that bonanza.

There are 30,000+ cities, townships, and counties in the US. Naturally, Cities should get the time to adjust their local elections and make sure they are not operating in violation of the US Constitution. Only when sitting on their hands does the clock remain ticking. The longer the wait, the greater the recompense that can get asked.

We are entitled to local elections free of governmental overreach; there should be no government-determined divisions contained within our local elections. No local government is allowed to suppress the political will of the people, not even with just a single round of divide-and-conquer.

The Founding Fathers are with us.

  • We are legally entitled to a single election for all seats on the council or board in which each voter is given a single vote in total to indicate their preferred representative.

Then, and only then do we receive a fair outcome.

If your City was not on the list and you want your City to receive an official Invocation, please reply with City, State, and they will receive an Invocation. The Invocation is a time-stamp. Nothing more, nothing less. It is the first step of a two-step approach. Any and all voters can request recompense in the second step that is currently underway for 213 cities and counties, and perhaps get a lot of money out of this overreach by local governments.

For more information or for providing comments, please read the following articles and make your comments there.

On this page, all comments will be hidden from sight, not just the Invocation requests for your City once it is processed.