The Most Important Map in the World

7 min readSep 9, 2023

It provides a quick view how nations function internally.

Gini Index Nations in the World. Source: Wikipedia.

This map shows the work of Corrado Gini, an Italian statistician, demographer, and sociologist. The Gini coefficient shows income inequality as it exists within a nation. The map will be repeated throughout this article.

1: World Bank Estimate.

Using data of the World Bank, this map shows how the internal setup of a nation influences income distribution in that nation. The percentages indicate the slant of a nation’s income inequality; the higher the percentage, the greater the inequality. The redder the color on the map, the more income the elite in a nation can call its own.

Starting with the worst outcomes, particularly visible in Southern Africa, one can envision the Gini coefficient of these nations as strongly influenced by an elite controlling enormous riches (think about, for instance, the mining of gold, diamonds, and minerals; industries in the hands of a few). The highly desired materials make the owners stand far above the lower ranking groups in society.

The same reality can be seen in Saudi Arabia with its oil production in the hands of an elite. Columbia, too, has oil, gold, coal, and…